A total number of 2,28,650 cases, 2,44,270 cases and 3,09,546 cases were registered under crimes against women including minor girls during 2011-2013. As per available details a total number of 7,112 cases, 8,541 cases and 12,363 cases were registered under rape of children during 2011, 2012 and 2013. And the data also goes on to show that more than 70% of the victims of sexual harassment know their offenders and they include people from their immediate family to acquaintances to neigbhors. (https://sureshe.wordpress.com/2015/03/07/its-now-time-for-indiasson/)
While the government has and is constantly talking about various initiatives as part of the Nirbhaya Fund as indicated below, the question still remains – Are these initiatives capable of dealing with this menace at a more fundamental level? The reason I ask this question is most of these initiatives focus on law and order, protecting and rehabiliating victims of sexual assualt, protecting minors – it rarely talks about education, awareness, sensitising the society as a whole.
Just as an example, consider this – It was in the mid 1980’s that WHO declared Polio as an endemic that needs to be fought tooth and nail and within the next 30 years or so, Polio was eradicated completely, including in India. They were successful in their endeavours due to their commitment and also largely due to their grassroot level interventions. Sexual violence also needs to be fought with the same commitment, because if as a society we cannot provide a safe environment for our children there is no hope we can provide for our future.
Ministry of Home Affairs has taken a series of measures to strengthen the legislation and implementing agencies to contain incidents of crimes against women and Children.
- The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013, have come to force since 3rd Feb, 2013 on crimes against women.
- The Government has amended various sections of the Indian Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Indian Evidence Act.
- It has enhanced punishment for crimes like rape, sexual harassment, stalking, voyeurism, acid attacks, indecent gestures like words and inappropriate touch etc.
- The new laws have provisions for increased sentence for rape convicts, including life-term and death sentence, besides providing for stringent punishment for offences such as acid attacks, stalking and voyeurism
- Nirbhaya Fund was created in 2013 which has thus far accumulated 3000 crores of money
The Nirbhaya fund which was created way back in 2013 is now worth more than 2000 crores
As answered on Dec 2015 (http://22.214.171.124/loksabhaquestions/annex/6/AU3235.pdf)
The details of proposals appraised and recommended under Nirbhaya Funds are as under:
Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) :
- One Stop Centre with total project cost of Rs. 18.58 crore
- Universalisation of Women Helpline with Rs. 69.49 crore.
Ministry of Home Affairs:
- Creation of Central Victim Compensation Fund (CVCF) for supporting the States/UT Administrations for implementation of Victim Compensation Scheme of Rs. 200.00 Crore.
- Creation of Investigative Units for Crime against Women (IUCAW) in all police districts of the country of Rs. 324.00 Crore Funds amounting to Rs. 10.71 crore have been released in respect of One Stop Centre
- An amount of Rs. 13.92 crore has been sanctioned for Women Helpline to the States/UTs.
As answered on March 2017 (http://126.96.36.199/loksabhaquestions/annex/11/AU1836.pdf)
Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing three schemes under Nirbhaya Fund namely,
One Stop Centre (OSC):
- One Stop Centres have been set up to facilitate access to an integrated range of services including medical, legal, and psychological support to women affected by violence to be funded through Nirbhaya Fund.
- The One Stop Centres will be integrated with 181 and other existing helplines. So far, 84 One Stop Centres have become operational.
- The number of women assisted as informed by the States is 1143.
- The Scheme of Universalisation of Women Helpline is intended to provide 24 hours immediate and emergency response to women affected by violence through referral and information about women related government schemes programs across the country through a single uniform number.
Mahila Police Volunteer.
- The MWCD in collaboration with MHA has envisaged engagement of Mahila Police Volunteer in State/UTs who will act as a link between Police and Community and facilitate women in distress.
- The proposals of different Ministries, appraised and recommended so far by the Empowered Committee are at different stages of implementation.
|List of proposals appraised and recommended under Nirbhaya Fund||Amount in Crores|
|Emergency Response Support system, MHA||321.69|
|eation of Central Victim Compensation Fund (CVCF), MHA||200|
|eation of Investigative Units for ime against Women (IUCAW), MHA||324|
|Organized ime Investigative Agency (OCIA), MHA||83.2|
|Cyber ime Prevention against Women & Children (CCPWC), MHA||244.32|
|Proposal for providing facility of Social Workers/Counsellors at the District and SubDivisional Police Station Level in Delhi, Delhi Police/MHA||6.2|
|New building with women centric facilities for Special Unit for Women & Children (SPUWAC) and Special Unit for North East Region (SPUNER) at Nanakpura, Delhi Police/MHA||23.53|
|Integrated Emergency Response Management System (IEMRS), Ministry of Railways||500|
|Development & Field Testing of panic Switch based safety Device for Cars and Buses for aiding Women’s Safety, MeiTY||3.5|
|Abhaya Project Proposal for safety of women and girl child, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh||138.49|
|Chirali Proposal, Women Empowerment Directorate, Govt. of Rajasthan||10.2|
|One Stop Centre, MWCD||119.69|
|Universalisation of Women Helpline, MWCD||69.49|
|Mahila Police Volunteers for Karnal and Mohindergarh District, Haryana||1.29|
|Govt. of Andhra Pradesh’s proposal for implementation of Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs) at Village level in 2 districts of Anantapur and Kadapa on pilot basis.||2.25|